Thematic Platform "Sustainability and Inclusiveness"

Research projects (29 hits)

Current research studies (work in progress)
Study by: Austrian Institute of Economic Research
Commissioned by: Klima- und Energiefonds
START2030 aims at providing comprehensive analyses of the economic incidence and social impacts of a transition to a 100 percent renewable electricity system by 2030. Policy scenarios will be analysed to depict the broad range of effects of this transformation. The analysis will deliver insights on the emission impact as well as on the macroeconomic and distributional effects of the transformation. Policy recommendations on how to mitigate detrimental effects on vulnerable groups will be derived.
Current research studies (work in progress)
Supported by: Anniversary Fund of the Oesterreichische Nationalbank
Study by: Austrian Institute of Economic Research
Climate change is one of today's grand challenges. The EU has committed itself to ambitious emission reduction targets: for 2020 and 2030, the EU aims at reducing its greenhouse gas emissions compared to 1990 by 20 percent and 40 percent, respectively, for 2050 an emission reduction by at least 80 percent is strived for. For large emitters in industry and energy generation the EU has established the European Emission Trading System (EU ETS) in 2005 defining an EU-wide reduction target. Emissions from other sources, most notably from the household and transport sectors, are instead regulated at EU member countries level and should be reduced by 30 percent by 2030, with differentiated reduction targets for the individual EU member countries. To achieve the emission reduction targets in the Non-ETS sectors the issue of carbon pricing has recently gained in momentum in the political discussion at EU as well as at EU member countries level. The project SoMBI focuses on two research questions: What are the effects of an EU-wide carbon price for the Non-ETS sectors that allows achieving the 30 percent reduction target in different EU member countries? What are the effects of different revenue recycling options in the EU member countries? To answer these questions, we perform a model-based analysis with the new ADAGIO-DYNK model. The CO2 price necessary to achieve the 30 percent EU-wide reduction target for the Non-ETS sectors is estimated. Also, detailed results for two case study countries are discussed. The countries (Austria and Poland) differ considerably in terms of the structure of their energy systems and economies. First, we focus on the macroeconomic, emission and distributional impacts of the tax. Then, the effects of different revenue recycling options are assessed and policy recommendations for the introduction of a carbon tax are developed.
Current research studies (work in progress)
Commissioned by: Klima- und Energiefonds
Study by: Austrian Institute of Economic Research – International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis – University of Graz, Wegener Center for Climate and Global Change
EconTrans offers an integrated perspective to address interlinked challenges: rapid greenhouse gas emission reduction, achieving the Sustainable Development Goals, and coping with fundamental transformations triggered by breakthrough technologies, from plus-energy buildings to self-driving electric cars. Enlarging the scope of conventional analysis by rethinking the indicators of well-being, extending the scope of resources and deepening the understanding of how well-being relates to planetary boundaries allow to derive recommendations for targeted policies.
Project lead: Franz Sinabell
Internalising external costs of transport (Transportkostenwahrheit im Internationalen Handel)
Current research studies (work in progress)
Study by: Austrian Institute of Economic Research
Commissioned by: Federal Ministry Digital and Economic Affairs
Trade in goods requires transport over land, sea or air. External effects are directly linked to transport but also to the production and operation of infrastructure. These include emissions of harmful substances into the air, noise pollution and impairment of ecosystems. Not all of these are internalised in the market system and are therefore visible in freight costs and ultimately in the price of goods. This is certainly true for the climate costs associated with international air and sea transport. In the course of the study, the extent of the external effects of transport is quantified using evidence in the international literature. A distinction is made between regions. Finally, adjusted freight costs are assumed for a simulation calculation and a multinational and multisectoral model is used to determine the effects on production, value added, employment and trade volume.
Ina Meyer (Project co-ordinator)
Faktencheck Klimawandel, Landwirtschaft und Ernährung (Fact Check Climate Change, Agriculture, Nutrition)
Current research studies (work in progress)
Study by: Austrian Institute of Economic Research
Commissioned by: Federal Ministry of Climate Action, Environment, Energy, Mobility, Innovation and Technology
Der Klimawandel beeinträchtigt bereits heute die landwirtschaftliche Produktion. Dies betrifft auch die Ernährungssicherheit. Landwirtschaftliche Produktionsverfahren können ebenso an den Klimawandel angepasst werden wie das Verhalten der Konsumentinnen und Konsumenten, etwa in Bezug auf eine gesunde Ernährung und eine Vermeidung von Nahrungsmittelverschwendung. Diese Anpassungen können zugleich dazu beitragen, die Treibhausgasemissionen zu verringern. Die Debatte zu den Themen Klimawandel, Landwirtschaft und Ernährung wird oftmals kontrovers geführt. Die vorliegende Studie fasst den aktuellen Wissensstand zusammen und erarbeitet eine Grundlage für evidenzbasierte und klimaschonende Entscheidungen der Landwirtschaft sowie der Konsumentinnen und Konsumenten.
Gerhard Streicher (Project co-ordinator)
FAMOS – Flächendeckende Mobilitätsservicegarantie (FAMOS – A Comprehensive Mobility Service Guarantee)
Current research studies (work in progress)
Study by: Austrian Institute of Economic Research
Commissioned by: Österreichische Forschungsförderungsgesellschaft mbH
Der Verkehrssektor in Österreich wird in den nächsten Jahrzehnten vor großen Herausforderungen stehen, zu denen etwa der Klimawandel, Folgen des demographischen und sozialen Wandels sowie die Digitalisierung zählen. Insbesondere zum Erreichen der Klimaneutralität ist eine Transformation des Verkehrssystems von Nöten. In der Debatte um ökologisch und sozial nachhaltigen Personenverkehr kommt der Angebotspolitik im Öffentlichen Verkehr (ÖV) große Bedeutung zu. Eine hohe Qualität des Angebots beeinflusst vor allem im urbanen Raum die Verkehrsmittelwahl deutlich positiv und wirkt sich damit auf den Energieverbrauch und das Emissionsniveau aus. Außerhalb der Zentren müssen jedoch neue angebotspolitische Impulse gesetzt werden, die bessere, nutzergerechtere Dienste bereitstellen. Die Flächendeckende Mobilitätsservicegarantie (fMSG) ist ein strategischer Impuls, der durch eine gezielte Entwicklung von Angeboten des Öffentlichen Verkehrs sowie durch die Integration privater Angebote Wirkung erzielen kann. Die Studie FAMOS geht den Fragen nach, wie die Vorstellung einer faktisch garantierten Mobilitäts-Daseinsvorsorge in allen Teilräumen Österreichs mit Leben gefüllt werden kann, welche Rahmenbedingungen dafür notwendig sind und welche Wirkungen eine Umsetzung hätte.
Franz Sinabell (Project co-ordinator)
Resilienz. COVID-19-Krise und land- und forstwirtschaftliche Wertschöpfungsketten – Lessons Learnt (Resilience. The COVID-19 Crisis and Agricultural and Forestry Value Chains – Lessons Learnt)
Current research studies (work in progress)
Commissioned by: Federal Ministry of Agriculture, Regions and Tourism
Study by: Austrian Institute of Economic Research
Die vorliegende Untersuchung geht der Frage nach, wie resilient Biomasse-basierte Wertschöpfungsketten in Österreich sind und wie diese Resilienz gestärkt und verbessert werden kann. Um diese Frage zu beantworten, werden drei Ziele verfolgt: Erstens sollen Lehren aus der COVID-19-Krise gezogen werden, welche die Land- und Forstwirtschaft, die Lebensmittelwertschöpfungskette (einschließlich Gastronomie, Catering, Gemeinschaftsverpflegung) und den Forst- und Holzcluster in Österreich betreffen. Zweitens sollen Wissenslücken geschlossen werden, die bereits vor der COVID-19-Krise sichtbar waren und deren Dringlichkeit nun evident ist. Drittens werden Vorschläge für Maßnahmen entwickelt, die die Land-, Forst- und Ernährungswirtschaft widerstandsfähiger machen und zugleich die für die Transformation notwendigen Anpassungsprozesse unterstützen sollen. Die Ergebnisse sollen zum besseren wissenschaftlichen Verständnis der Auswirkungen einer Pandemie beitragen und in konkrete Handlungsempfehlungen münden.
Project lead: Gerhard Streicher
"Decarbonisation" Map for Austrian Manufacturing (Landkarte der „Dekarbonisierung“ für den produzierenden Bereich in Österreich)
Current research studies (work in progress)
Study by: Austrian Institute of Economic Research
Commissioned by: Chamber of Labour: Vienna
Project lead: Silvia Rocha-Akis
Project team member: Marian Fink, Caroline Moreau, Klaus Weyerstrass, Alexander Schnabl, Sarah Lappöhn, Kerstin Plank (IHS)
Economic and fiscal effects of the crisis and countermeasures: micro- and macroeconomic analyses (Volkswirtschaftliche und fiskalische Effekte der Krise und der Maßnahmen zur Gegensteuerung: Mikro- und makroökonomische Analysen)
Completed research studies
Study by: Austrian Institute of Economic Research
Commissioned by: Federal Ministry of Finance
Closed: 2020
For 2020, the economic and budgetary implications of the COVID-19 crisis and the fiscal measures to mitigate the economic effects of health policy measures to contain the epidemic will be assessed ex-ante at the micro- and macroeconomic level as well as sectorally and regionally.
Project lead: Stefan Ederer
DINA Model (Ein Verteilungsmodell für Österreich)
Completed research studies
Study by: Austrian Institute of Economic Research – Vienna University of Economics and Business Administration
Commissioned by: Chamber of Labour: Vienna
Closed: 2020
The aim of the project is to build a macroeconomic model, which is consistent with data from National Accounts on the one hand and the empirical distribution of incomes and wealth in an economy on the other. The model equations reflect the interaction of the distribution of incomes and wealth, and macroeconomic variables. With such a model it is possible to simulate the macroeconomic and distributional effects of economic policy measures taking interactions between distribution and the macroeconomy into account.
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