Competitiveness Report der Europäischen Kommission

Seit 1998 koordiniert das WIFO im Zuge eines Rahmenvertrages mit der Europäischen Kommission Studien und Projekte zur Analyse der Wettbewerbsfähigkeit der Europäischen Union und ihren Mitgliedsländern. Die Generaldirektion für Wachstum (vormals Generaldirektion für Unternehmen und Industrie) der Europäischen Kommission publizierte von 1998 bis 2014 einen jährlichen Bericht zur Wettbewerbsfähigkeit (European Competitiveness Report). Diese Publikation wurde 2015 eingestellt und durch den Bericht zu Binnenmarkt und Wettbewerbsfähigkeit ersetzt, der die Zusammenlegung der Generaldirektorate für den Binnenmarkt und jener für Unternehmen und Industrie widerspiegelt. Im Kontext dieses Rahmenvertrages hat das WIFO gemeinsam mit seinen Partnerinstituten Hintergrundstudien verfasst, die in die Publikationen der Europäischen Kommission Eingang finden und somit die Hauptergebnisse des Projektes bilden.

Neben dem Europäischen Bericht für Binnenmarkt und Wettbewerbsfähigkeit werden die Studienergebnisse auch in anderen Publikationen der EK, wie dem Industrial Structure Report oder den Berichten zur Wettbewerbsfähigkeit der EU-Länder verwendet. Diese Berichte bilden eine wichtige Informationsquelle für die Europäische Kommission und die Öffentlichkeit zum Stand der Wettbewerbsfähigkeit der Industrie im europäischen Wirtschaftsraum. Weiters werden die Ergebnisse dazu verwendet, den Fortschritt der Umsetzung der Strategie Europa 2020 und deren Effekt auf Strukturreformen in den Mitgliedsländern zu messen.

Die Forschungsarbeit wird von einem WIFO-geführten Konsortium bestehend aus 20 spezialisierten Forschungsinstituten aus 14 europäischen Ländern durchgeführt. Der aktuelle Rahmenvertrag gilt für die Periode 2015 bis 2018.

Bisher erschienene Berichte

Studien des Konsortiums zu Strukturreformen in den EU-Ländern im Zeitraum 2013/2018

Single Market and Competitiveness Report 2017/2018
Single Market and Competitiveness Report 2016/2017

Partnerinstitute

AIT – Austrian Institute of Technology https://www.ait.ac.at/
BSI – The British Standards Institution https://www.bsigroup.com/de-AT/
CIREM – Center for International Research and Economic Modelling http://www.cepii.fr/cirem/en/presentation/cirem.htm
EBN – European Business and Innovation Center Network https://ebn.eu/
ECORYS – http://www.ecorys.com/
ESRI – Economic and Social Research Institute http://www.esri.ie/
KOF – Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zürich https://www.kof.ethz.ch/
ETLA – Research Institute of the Finnish Economy https://www.etla.fi/en/
FEEM – Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei https://www.feem.it/en/
IDEA – Idea Consult http://www.ideaconsult.be/
ifW – Kiel Institut für Weltwirtschaft https://www.ifw-kiel.de/
ivie – Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Economicas http://www.ivie.es/es_ES/
IWE – Institute of World Economics http://www.krtk.mta.hu/english/, http://www.vki.hu/eindex.shtml?setlang=english
NIESR – National Institute of Economic and Social Research https://www.niesr.ac.uk/
SPI – Sociedade Portuguesa de Inovação http://www.spi.pt/
CWS – Center für Wirtschaftspolitische Studien https://www.cws.uni-hannover.de/center.html
SGH – World Economy Research Institute https://ssl-kolegia.sgh.waw.pl/en/KGS/structure/IGS-KGS/Pages/default.aspx
VTT – Technical Research Center of Finland http://www.vttresearch.com/
wiiw – Wiener Institut für internationale Wirtschaftsvergleiche https://wiiw.ac.at/
ZEW – Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung http://www.zew.de/
 

Detailansicht

Iulia Siedschlag, Mattia Di Ubaldo, Manuel Tong Koecklin (ESRI)
Comparative Performance of Indigenous and Multinational Firms Operating in Ireland
Monographien, Dezember 2017, 128 Seiten, https://ec.europa.eu/docsroom/documents/28182
Auftraggeber: Europäische Kommission
Studie von: Österreichisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung – Economic and Social Research Institute
Ireland's attractiveness to foreign direct investment is linked to a range of factors including participation in the European Single Market, skilled and flexible labour force, business-friendly environment, competitive statutory and effective tax rates. The productivity gap between foreign-owned firms and Irish-owned firms has increased over time and is larger in services in comparison to manufacturing. Relative to Irish-owned firms, foreign-owned firms are more productive, pay higher wages, invest more in tangible and intangible assets. On average, relative to Irish-owned firms, foreign-owned firms export a larger proportion of their output and import more relative to their output. Foreign-owned firms export and import a significantly large number of products in comparison to Irish-owned firms, 2 to 3 times more in recent years. Foreign-owned firms export to a larger number of destinations and import from more countries both EEA and extra-EEA countries. The analysis also shows that foreign-owned firms are integrated in more complex production and trade networks with a higher number of product-country combinations per firm. An interesting feature is the more important integration of foreign-owned firms in extra-EEA trade while Irish-owned firms tend to trade predominantly with EEA countries (mainly the UK). The evidence indicates only very limited intra-industry and intra-region FDI spillovers. It appears that Irish-owned firms benefit in terms of their export intensity from the presence in the same industry of affiliates of multinationals based outside the EU. However, the presence of multinationals crowd-out the export performance of Irish-owned firms within the same region. While the presence in the same region of affiliates of multinationals based in other EU countries affects negatively the export performance of Irish-owned firms in manufacturing, the presence of affiliates of non-EU multinationals has a negative effect on the export performance of Irish-owned firms in services.
Keywords:TP_Europa_Wettbewerb
Forschungsbereich:Industrieökonomie, Innovation und internationaler Wettbewerb
Sprache:Englisch

Verwandte Einträge

Abgeschlossene Forschungsprojekte
Auftraggeber: Europäische Kommission
Studie von: Österreichisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung – Economic and Social Research Institute
Abgeschlossen: 2017
Ireland's attractiveness to foreign direct investment is linked to a range of factors including participation in the European Single Market, skilled and flexible labour force, business-friendly environment, competitive statutory and effective tax rates. The productivity gap between foreign-owned firms and Irish-owned firms has increased over time and is larger in services in comparison to manufacturing. Relative to Irish-owned firms, foreign-owned firms are more productive, pay higher wages, invest more in tangible and intangible assets. On average, relative to Irish-owned firms, foreign-owned firms export a larger proportion of their output and import more relative to their output. Foreign-owned firms export and import a significantly large number of products in comparison to Irish-owned firms, 2 to 3 times more in recent years. Foreign-owned firms export to a larger number of destinations and import from more countries both EEA and extra-EEA countries. The analysis also shows that foreign-owned firms are integrated in more complex production and trade networks with a higher number of product-country combinations per firm. An interesting feature is the more important integration of foreign-owned firms in extra-EEA trade while Irish-owned firms tend to trade predominantly with EEA countries (mainly the UK). The evidence indicates only very limited intra-industry and intra-region FDI spillovers. It appears that Irish-owned firms benefit in terms of their export intensity from the presence in the same industry of affiliates of multinationals based outside the EU. However, the presence of multinationals crowd-out the export performance of Irish-owned firms within the same region. While the presence in the same region of affiliates of multinationals based in other EU countries affects negatively the export performance of Irish-owned firms in manufacturing, the presence of affiliates of non-EU multinationals has a negative effect on the export performance of Irish-owned firms in services.
Ihr Ansprechpartner

Mag. Dr. Andreas Reinstaller

Forschungsbereiche: Industrieökonomie, Innovation und internationaler Wettbewerb