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Umwelt, Landwirtschaft und Energie

Bücher, Buchbeiträge, Journals und Papers (214 Treffer)

Silvia Scherhaufer, Anna Happenhofer, Ina Meyer, Florian Part, Mark Sommer, Peter Beigl
in: Sardinia 2019 – 17th International Waste Management and Landfill Symposium. Proceedings
Buchbeiträge, S. Margherita di Pula, Cagliari, November 2019
The decarbonisation of the energy and mobility sector is in progress, making products such as photovoltaic and wind power plants but also electric vehicles relevant in terms of amounts installed or registered in Austria. These three product groups contain mass relevant components such as metals, glass or plastics but also valuable materials in low quantities which require adequate recycling in terms of resource efficiency and prevention of pollution with harmful substances. This conference paper presents a baseline assessment of main product types and their material composition used in Austria and the current status of recycling.
Two major international frameworks provide landmarks for future development paths: the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and the Paris Climate Agreement. Monitoring the progress towards achieving the individual goals must take into account a multitude of synergies and trade-offs. In this paper we use composite indices to analyse climate and energy policies in selected EU member countries. These results show that, in general, the improvements regarding energy efficiency, emissions and deployment of renewables have been moderate in the period under observation (2005–2015). This hints at the time needed for restructuring to take place, which underlines the importance of credible political commitments to climate targets, the implementation of ambitious instruments and the need for stability in the guiding frameworks to effectuate substantial changes. In addition, the analysis of the selected countries shows that they are characterised by very specific energy systems (complemented by specific social structures), and this determines the challenges that each country must overcome on the way to decarbonisation and sustainable development. While the SDGs are to be implemented on a global scale, it is necessary to adapt them to the characteristics of a given country or region. Reliable and long-term quantitative data that is comparable across countries or regions and that takes into account the social dimension is required to be able to monitor the overall progress of SGD implementation.
in: Irmi Seidl, Angelika Zahrnt, Tätigsein in der Postwachstumsgesellschaft
Buchbeiträge, Metropolis, Marburg, August 2019, S.207-225, https://metropolis-verlag.de/Taetigsein-in-der-Postwachstumsgesellschaft/1405/book.do
Die bestehenden europäischen Abgabensysteme sind aus Nachhaltigkeitssicht nicht mehr zeitgemäß. Sie basieren stark auf der Besteuerung der Arbeit, wobei nach wie vor in vielen Abgabensystemen von einem (in der Regel männlichen) Hauptverdiener auf der Basis eines Normalarbeitsverhältnisses und einer weiblichen Zuverdienerin ausgegangen wird. Lenkungssteuern zur Bewältigung der großen Herausforderungen in Klima- und Umweltpolitik werden zu wenig genutzt, und der Beitrag der Abgabensysteme zu verteilungspolitischen Zielsetzungen hat langfristig abgenommen. Um die europäischen Abgabensysteme zukunftsfähig zu machen, ist ein fundamentaler Umbau mit einer Umschichtung der Abgabenlast weg von Arbeitseinkommen hin zu Emissionen bzw. Ressourcen- und Energieverbrauch einerseits sowie zu Vermögen und höheren Einkommen andererseits erforderlich. Wie in kaum einem anderen Politikbereich haben Strukturreformen im Abgabensystem das Potential, die verschiedenen Dimensionen der Nachhaltigkeit gleichzeitig zu adressieren.
This paper applies a DYNK (Dynamic New Keynesian) model to compare the traditional environmental tax reform for greenhouse gas emissions with a taxation scheme that taxes greenhouse gas emissions embodied in consumption within the framework of a unilateral policy of the EU 27. The embodied emissions of different commodities are taxed independently of their origin. The greenhouse gas tax rates applied are identical and new revenues are in both cases recycled via lower social security contributions of employers. The article shows the macroeconomic results, driven by the different impact of the taxation schemes on price competitiveness of EU 27 firms. These differences drive the leakage and show negative leakage in the case of taxing embodied greenhouse gas emissions. Both taxation schemes are also regressive for household incomes emphasising the importance of the choice of revenue recycling. In terms of emission reduction, we find the taxation of emissions embodied in consumption less effective.
Ina Meyer, Michiko Hama, Robert Jandl, Markus Leitner, Markus Keuschnig, Ivonne Anders, Oliver Fritz, Helene Berthold, Brigitte Eder
Regional Environmental Change, 2019, (4), S.1059-1971, https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10113-018-1439-y
The aim of this case study was to conduct a participatory approach to socioeconomic scenario development in the city of Lienz (East Tyrol) and to suggest this process-oriented approach as an element of an integrated guiding and decision support tool for local resilience and risk management to policy makers, business leaders, and civil society. The paper takes a socio-economic perspective and describes the settings of the case study, the process, and approach taken for co-creating two distinct normative socio-economic scenario narratives for the city of Lienz: a desirable or resilient future and an undesirable or stagnant future. Results are presented as sector-specific scenario narratives. Matching the local scenario narratives with the global shared socioeconomic pathways, it derives that local peculiarities such as population decline due to outmigration trends or decentralised manufacturing industry and educational institutions were judged to be critical factors in securing local resilience for a prospering future.
in: Roland Pomberger, et al., Recy & DepoTech 2018: Recycling & Abfallverwertung, Abfallwirtschaft & Ressourcenmanagement, Deponietechnik & Altlasten, Internationale Abfallwirtschaft & Spezielle Recyclingthemen. Konferenzband zur 14. Recy & DepoTech-Konferenz
Buchbeiträge, Leoben, November 2018, S.77-84
Robert Jandl, Ina Meyer, Reinhard Mechler, Markus Leitner, Michiko Hama
in: Arthur Kanonier, Florian Rudolf-Miklau, Regionale Risiko Governance: Recht, Politik und Praxis
Buchbeiträge, Verlag Österreich, Oktober 2018, S.715-727