Bücher, Buchbeiträge, Journals und Papers

SucheErweiterte Suche

Bücher, Buchbeiträge, Journals und Papers (2983 Treffer)

Vortrag, 22.5.2020
Vortrag bei "Rigour and Relevance – Hochschulforschung im Spannungsfeld zwischen Methodenstrenge und Praxisrelevanz"; Die zweite Tagung des Österreichischen Netzwerks für Hochschulforschung
This paper explores the structural determinants of high-growth firm shares in Austrian regions. The regional level of analysis allows one to uncover regularities that are not detectable in firm-level studies. It is found that lower mobility barriers, firm exits and technological opportunities, measured by digitalization intensities, and, to a lesser extent, agglomeration effects are associated with a larger share of high-growth firms. The results suggest that comparisons of shares of high-growth firm across countries and regions should consider differences in the industrial structures together with the often-emphasized differences in policies and regulations.
If Piketty's main theoretical prediction (r > g leads to rising wealth inequality) is taken to its radical conclusion, then a small elite will own all wealth if capitalism is left to its own devices. We formulate and calibrate a Post-Keynesian model with an endogenous distribution of wealth between workers and capitalists which permits such a corner solution of all wealth held by capitalists. However, it also shows interior solutions with a stable, non-zero wealth share of workers, a stable wealth-to-income ratio, and a stable and positive gap between the profit and the growth rate determined by the Cambridge equation. More importantly, simulations show that the model conforms to Piketty's empirical findings during a transitional phase of increasing wealth inequality, which characterizes the current state of high-income countries: the wealth share of capitalists rises to over 60 percent, the wealth-to-income ratio increases, and income inequality rises. Finally, we show that the introduction of a wealth tax as suggested by Piketty could neutralize this rise in wealth concentration predicted by our model.
Vortrag, WU Wien, 24.-25.2.2020
Veranstalter: Nationalökonomische Gesellschaft
Vortrag, Sevilla, 12.-14.2.2020
Veranstalter: Europäische Kommission, Gemeinsame Forschungsstelle
Vortrag, Wien, Jänner 2020
Veranstalter: Wirtschaftsuniversität Wien, Forschungsinstitut Economics of Inequality
in: Auftaktveranstaltung "20 Jahre Gender Mainstreaming in Österreich"
Vortrag, Wien, 22.1.2020
Veranstalter: Bundeskanzleramt
We develop and calibrate an analytical growth model in the Post-Keynesian tradition with an endogenous wealth distribution and differential returns to wealth between workers and capitalists. We show that a long-run equilibrium allows for non-zero wealth owned by workers, even as the model contains the "triumph of the rentier" predicted by Piketty as a special case. The model's calibration to ten European countries shows that the distribution of wealth is likely to become more unequal in all cases, barring political countermeasures.