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Weitere Publikationen: Peter Huber (75 Treffer)

Finance a úvěr – Czech Journal of Economics and Finance, 2017, (2), S.140-164
This paper analyses the selection of workers to informal and formal sector employment in Tajikistan. It estimates a multinomial selection bias correction model to assess the impact of observable and unobservable characteristics on the self-selection of workers into the formal and informal sector and on sector specific wages using individual level data from the Tajikistan Standards of Living Survey of 2007. The results suggest that selection of workers on both observable and unobservable characteristics to these sectors is broadly consistent with self-selection on comparative advantages, that the self-selection of workers on unobservable characteristics is the main reason for higher wages in the informal than the formal sector in Tajikistan and that relative wages in the two sectors have a rather strong impact on the decision of workers to work in the formal or informal sector.
in: Altenburg Friedrich, Anna Faustmann, Thomas Pfeffer, Isabella Skrivanek, Migration und Globalisierung in Zeiten des Umbruchs. Festschrift für Gudrun Biffl
Buchbeiträge, Edition Donau-Universität Krems, Krems, 2017
in: Thomas Sauer, Susanne Elsen, Christina Grazillo, Cities in Transition: Social Innovation for Europe's Urban Sustainability
Buchbeiträge, Routledge, 2016, S.158-191
MENDELU Working Papers in Business and Economics, 2016, 25 Seiten
We analyse the impact of regional and sectoral labour market characteristics as determinants of the supply of employer financed training using a unique data set on employer provided training in Vienna. According to the results labour turnover has a robust negative impact and employment density a slightly less robust but also negative impact on the probability of a firm to provide employer financed training. Policies directed at increasing employer provided training may therefore face substantial challenges in sectors and regions with high labour turnover and employment densities. These challenges are likely to be even larger when it comes to providing employer financed training for less skilled workers.
This paper provides evidence on the role of firm size and firm age for firm level net job creation in the Austrian economy between 1993 and 2013 and during the Great Recession. We propose a new estimation strategy based on a two-part model to decompose behavioural differences between exiting and surviving firms. Young firms contribute most to net job creation, despite high relative exit rates, due to high growth rates among young surviving firms. Small firms have similar job creation rates conditional on survival as large firms. Small firms' contribution to job creation is, however, smaller due to higher exit rates. The up-or-out dynamics characterising less regulated economies such as the USA also apply to the more regulated Austrian economy. During the Great Recession both the relative net job creation rate conditional on survival and the relative survival probability of young firms decreased. The relative contribution of small firms to net job creation, by contrast, increased due to increased relative job creation rates of small firms conditional on survival.
We empirically analyse the impact of relative deprivation on the intended duration of stay of potential cross-border commuters and migrants. A theoretical model lends support to the hypothesis that deprivation affects the intended duration of stay of migrants in a U-shaped fashion, but does not affect potential commuters. Empirical evidence from one of the most densely populated border regions of the EU confirms both these hypotheses. These results are robust over different estimation methods and apply both when measuring deprivation relative to friends and acquaintances as well as relative to the population residing in a region.
European Journal of Business Science and Technology, 2016, (1), S.5-22
We analyse the impact of regional and sectoral labour market characteristics as determinants of the supply of employer financed training using a unique data set on employer provided training in Vienna. According to the results labour turnover has a robust negative impact and employment density a slightly less robust but also negative impact on the probability of a firm to provide employer financed training. Policies directed at increasing employer provided training may therefore face substantial challenges in sectors and regions with high labour turnover and employment densities. These challenges are likely to be even larger when it comes to providing employer financed training for less skilled workers.
European Journal of Political Economy, 2016, S.53-78
We investigate the effect of the relative welfare dependence of immigrants on attitudes toward further immigration of different groups of the population in a pooled cross-section of 24 European countries for the 2004-2010 period. Explicitly controlling for the dependence of immigrants and natives on welfare benefits we find that in countries with higher take-up rates among immigrants relative to natives pro-immigration attitudes, very robustly, increase more strongly with increasing educational attainment and, slightly less robustly, decline more strongly with the age of natives. Within the group of immigrants, by contrast, the impact of age on pro-immigration attitudes is more favourable with increasing relative benefit take-up of immigrants.
We study differences in contributory and non-contributory welfare benefit receipt between immigrants and natives for 16 EU countries. In contrast to previous studies we analyse differences in benefit levels allowing for potentially different takeup rates between immigrants and natives and use Oaxaca-Blinder decompositions to discuss residual welfare dependence. Results point to substantial heterogeneity in welfare dependence between countries when not controlling for observed characteristics of immigrants and natives. This is primarily due to different selection into benefits between immigrants and natives and differences in their characteristics (mainly income, personal, and household characteristics). Once this is controlled for, immigrants participate at most equally often in both types of benefits as natives and usually also receive lower or comparable benefit levels.
We examine the effects of Eastern and Northern enlargement of the EU on regional business-cycle synchronisation and sector specialisation. Difference-in-difference estimates show that cyclical synchronicity decreased and differences in sector structure increased in acceding region-pairs after Eastern enlargement. For Northern enlargement, results are more ambiguous. Moreover, in both enlargement episodes, region-pairs with highly synchronous business cycles before accession experienced weaker cyclical and structural convergence than region-pairs with less synchronous cycles. Likewise, region-pairs with more similar sector structures before accession experienced stronger divergence (or weaker convergence) of structural similarity and business-cycle synchronicity after the enlargement. We argue that these results call for developing more differentiated hypotheses on EU enlargement's effects on business-cycle synchronisation and sector specialisation.
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