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Further publications: Jesús, Crespo Cuaresma (13 hits)

We study empirically how various labour market institutions – (i) union density, (ii) unemployment benefit remuneration, and (iii) employment protection – shape fiscal multipliers and output volatility. Our theoretical model highlights that more stringent labour market institutions attenuate both fiscal spending multipliers and macroeconomic volatility. This is validated empirically by an interacted panel vector autoregressive model estimated for 16 OECD countries. The strongest effects emanate from employment protection, followed by union density. While some labor market institutions mitigate the contemporaneous impact of shocks, they, however, reinforce their propagation mechanism. The main policy implication is that stringent labor market institutions render cyclical fiscal policies less relevant for macroeconomic stabilization.
We assess the role that nontradable goods play as a determinant of fiscal spending multipliers, making use of a two-sector model. While fiscal multipliers increase with the share of nontradable goods, an inverted U-shaped relationship exists between multiplier size and the import share. Employing an interacted panel VAR model for EU countries, we estimate the effect of the share of nontradable goods on fiscal spending multipliers. Our empirical results provide strong evidence for the predictions of the theoretical model. They imply that the drag of fiscal consolidations is on average smaller in countries with a low share of nontradable goods.
in: Ernest Gnan, Ralf Kronberger, Schwerpunkt Außenwirtschaft 2017/2018. Protektionismus: Ursachen, Erscheinungsformen, Ökonomische Effekte
Book chapters, contributions to collected volumes, Facultas, Wien, June 2018, pp.153-163
Editors: Oesterreichische Nationalbank – Austrian Economic Chamber
Journal of Regional Science, 2018, 58, (1), pp.81-99
IZA Journal of European Labor Studies, 2014, (3), pp.1-29,
Online since: 29.04.2015 0:00
Using a unique dataset comprising information for (up to) 153 firms in the machine building sector in Belarus, we investigate the determinants of firm growth for an economy where state ownership of enterprises is widespread. We use panel data models based on generalizations of Gibrat's law, total factor productivity estimates and matching methods to assess the differences in firm growth between private and state-controlled firms. Our results indicate that labor hoarding and soft budget constraints play a particularly important role in explaining differences in performance between these two groups of firms.
Public Choice, 2011, 148, (3-4), pp.505-530,
Online since: 16.10.2015 0:00