In this paper, we present the results of a dynamic microsimulation analysis that examines how changes in the educational integration
of first- and second-generation immigrants would affect the future size of the Austrian labour force. Due to population ageing
and migration, the number and proportion of people with a migration background will increase significantly in the coming decades.
Differences in educational careers, as well as differences in labour market participation between the second generation of
migrants with EU or EFTA backgrounds and people without a migration background, would have only a minor impact on future labour
force participation dynamics. In contrast, closing education and labour force participation gaps for the second generation
of migrants with a third country background would lead to a significant increase in the size and qualification structure of
the working population.
JEL-Codes:I26, J15, O15
Keywords:Integration, Migration, Education, Human Capital, Dynamic microsimulation
Forschungsbereich:Arbeitsmarkt, Einkommen und soziale Sicherheit