We re-examined the impact of rising imports from China on intra-firm productivity growth in the EU over the period 2005-2016.
In contrast to previous studies, we find that an increasing share of Chinese imports in total imports slowed down productivity
growth over the observation period. This was particularly the case after the 2008-09 financial crisis and was more pronounced
for firms with lower productivity growth. On average, the net effect of China's increasing import intensity on productivity
growth has been negative for EU firms since 2010. At the beginning of the sample, firms with median growth experienced a modest
growth-enhancing effect, which turned slightly negative in the last observation year. The effect was muted for high-growth
multinationals, which experienced a productivity growth premium from Chinese import competition at higher growth rates. Compared
to the USA, the negative impact of Chinese import competition on the performance of EU firms is visible with a time lag.