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Ökonomische Folgen des Krieges (Economic Consequences of War)
Workshops, Konferenzen und andere Veranstaltungen, Wirtschaftsuniversität Wien, Librarycenter, Wien, 25.11.2022, https://www.wirtschaftsdienst.eu/konferenzen-anmeldung/oekonomische-folgen-des-krieges.html
Veranstalter: Wirtschaftsdienst-Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftspolitik – Österreichisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung – Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft
Online seit: 18.10.2022 0:00
Workshops, Konferenzen und andere Veranstaltungen, IET London: Savoy Place, London, 17.11.2022–18.11.2022, http://www.euroconstruct.org
Veranstalter: Barbour ABI – Experian
Online seit: 20.10.2022 0:00
The Austrian Institute of Economic Research (WIFO) kindly invites you to the 94th Euroconstruct conference from 17th to 18th November 2022. Euroconstruct London 2022 is the premier event to understand exactly what the future looks like for construction across Europe. It is part of a semi-annual series of lectures on the medium-term outlook of the European construction markets covered by the Euroconstruct network of expert economists. Exclusive, first access to the latest macro-economic and construction market projections to 2025 plus expert speakers exploring the impact of ESG, rising costs and the energy crisis on construction across Europe. Be part of a discussion powered by expert analysts from across Europe: (1) How will the energy crisis impact demand and output of construction across Europe? (2) What will be the effect of rising inflation and what can be done to mitigate this? (3) What are the ESG implications of Russia: Ukraine War? Euroconstruct conferences are aimed at all those involved in construction activities: manufacturers of building materials and equipment, construction companies, designers, architects, engineers, contractors, investors, financiers, banks, insurers, and other related professions.
Workshops, Konferenzen und andere Veranstaltungen, Bundesministerium für Arbeit und Wirtschaft, 17.11.2022 9:30 Uhr bis 10:30 Uhr, https://blog.fiw.ac.at/fiw-vorlesung-46/
Anmeldung erforderlich unter: https://fiw.ac.at/veranstaltungen/fiw-vorlesungen/anmeldung-zur-46-aw-vorlesung
Veranstalter: Kompetenzzentrum "Forschungsschwerpunkt Internationale Wirtschaft"
Online seit: 15.11.2022 0:00
Das Bundesministerium für Arbeit und Wirtschaft sowie das FIW laden ein zur 46. FIW-Vorlesung "Greening Trade? Umweltbestimmungen in Handelsabkommen". • FIW-Vorlesungen sind eine Veranstaltungsreihe, bei der politikrelevante aktuelle Forschungsergebnisse aus dem Bereich internationale Wirtschaft praxisnah präsentiert und diskutiert werden.
WIFO Research Seminar, Österreichisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, Wien, 16.11.2022 12:30, https://tinyurl.com/5n98sptn
Comment: Michael Böheim – You can participate via MS Teams, see link above. The lecture will not be recorded.
Veranstalter: Österreichisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung
Online seit: 07.11.2022 0:00
A broad-scale rollout and adoption of new high-speed broadband networks and services, respectively, is expected to generate innovative services for consumers and create a high potential for productivity increases and economic growth. However, there is no evidence available on the causal impact of both high-speed broadband coverage and adoption on economic outcomes, which we measure as gross domestic product (GDP). Moreover, no study has yet simultaneously considered the impact of both new wireline broadband based on fibre-optic technologies and new wireless (mobile) broadband based on 3G+ or 4G technologies. Distinguishing these effects is of crucial relevance for the efficient design of broadband policies. In order to provide reliable evidence on causal effects, we utilize comprehensive panel data for 32 OECD countries for the years 2002–2020 and panel fixed-effects estimators including instrumental variables estimation. Exclusionary restrictions follow from micro-funded determinants of network coverage and consumer adoption decisions. Our results show that both fixed and mobile broadband adoption exert a substantial and significant impact on GDP, while network deployment per se exhibits only minor multiplier-related effects on GDP per capita. Contemporaneous effects of fixed broadband adoption impact GDP per capita growth in a range of 0.026 to 0.034 percent, while mobile broadband adoption contributes between 0.079 and 0.088 percent. While the impact of contemporaneous mobile broadband adoption is substantially higher, fixed broadband adoption shows stronger dynamic and cumulative effects, as well as larger effects in later deployment periods. Generally, our results are consistent with the notion that the diffusion of technologies to substantial proportions of the population is most important in driving economic growth. Supporting policies should be technology neutral and should not neglect the demand side.
Andreas Haller (Norwegian School of Economics)
WIFO Research Seminar, Österreichisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, Wien, 09.11.2022 12:30, https://tinyurl.com/3kscdsk3
Comment: Benjamin Bittschi – You can participate via MS Teams, see link above. The lecture will be recorded.
Veranstalter: Österreichisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung
Online seit: 24.10.2022 0:00
Policy makers around the world have implemented pension reforms – increasing statutory retirement ages and/or adjusting pension formulas – to ease the demographic burden on pay-as-you-go social security systems. Andreas Haller's paper provides a unifying framework to evaluate the welfare effects of pension reforms using a sufficient statistics approach. He shows that the welfare effects of any reform rest crucially on the "multiplier" – the total fiscal effect relative to the mechanical fiscal effect of a reform. Multipliers can be readily estimated with reduced-form methods using data on contributions to and transfers from the entire welfare state system. To illustrate his framework, he exploits a series of pension reforms in Austria. Andreas Haller finds that increasing the early retirement age has a multiplier of 0.4 to 0.7. By contrast, reducing pension generosity generates a multiplier of 1.4 to 1.7. In the Austrian context, he finds that reducing pension generosity is preferable to increasing the early retirement age to curb social security expenditures.
Ute Klammer (Universität Duisburg-Essen (UDE))
"Evaluative Diskriminierung": Arbeitsbewertung als blinder Fleck in der Analyse des Gender Pay Gaps ("Evaluative Discrimination": Job Evaluation as a Blind Spot in the Analysis of the Gender Pay Gap)
WIFO Research Seminar, Österreichisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, Wien, 12.10.2022 12:30
Veranstalter: Österreichisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung
Online seit: 07.10.2022 0:00
Frauen verdienen in Deutschland durchschnittlich 18% weniger pro Stunde als Männer. Vertikale und horizontale Segregationslinien, Unterschiede im Beschäftigungsumfang sowie in den Erwerbsverläufen von Frauen und Männern sind als Erklärungsfaktoren dafür statistisch identifiziert worden. Bislang ist jedoch unklar, welche Bedeutung die Arbeitsbewertung für den Gender Pay Gap hat und welche Rolle evaluative Diskriminierungen in der Verdienststruktur spielen. Die in diesem Vortrag vorgestellten Analysen bieten erstmals eine statistische Grundlage zur Überprüfung der Annahmen der Devaluationshypothese. Danach wird angenommen, dass die beruflichen Anforderungen und Belastungen von Frauen geringer bewertet und somit auch geringer entlohnt werden als die von Männern und somit eine geschlechterdifferente Arbeitsbewertung den Gender Pay Gap mitverursacht. Die dargestellten statistischen Ergebnisse belegen unter Anwendung des neu entwickelten Comparable Worth Index die Relevanz solcher evaluativen Diskriminierungen und zeigen, dass die geringere Bewertung und Bezahlung weiblicher gegenüber männlicher Erwerbsarbeit auch unter Kontrolle weiterer verdienstrelevanter Faktoren zentral zum Gender Pay Gap beitragen.
Harald Oberhofer (WIFO), Adam S. Posen (Peterson Institute for International Economics)
Workshops, Konferenzen und andere Veranstaltungen, Online-Event, Zoom, 11.10.2022 16 Uhr, https://us06web.zoom.us/webinar/register/WN_wggybCX-SoKAlML3s52EYg
Veranstalter: Kompetenzzentrum "Forschungsschwerpunkt Internationale Wirtschaft"
Präsentation der WIFO-Konjunkturprognose vom Oktober 2022 (Presentation of the WIFO Economic Outlook October 2022)
Pressekonferenzen, 07.10.2022
Veranstalter: Österreichisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung
Online seit: 08.02.2022 0:00
Workshops, Konferenzen und andere Veranstaltungen, WIFO, Wien, 03.10.2022–04.10.2022
Veranstalter: Österreichisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung
Online seit: 28.06.2022 0:00
The Austrian Institute of Economic Research (WIFO) is organising the 13th international workshop in the field of regional economics in honour of Geoffrey J.D. Hewings, Professor of Economics at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and member of WIFO's Scientific Board. This event aims at bringing together researchers from various fields of economics working mainly at the regional level to discuss ideas and exchange knowledge. Glyn Wittwer of the Centre of Policy Studies (CoPS) in Melbourne will serve as our keynote speaker for the workshop. Glyn is a regional dynamic CGE modelling expert. He has played a major role in developing databases for several country-specific versions of TERM (The Enormous Regional Model), a "bottom-up" multiregional CGE model developed at CoPS. His list of projects includes modelling of the impacts of major dam and transport projects, drought and water trading, flood, hypothetical plant disease scenarios, productivity scenarios, wine tax scenarios, major mine construction projects, industry closures and the aftermath of civil disruption.
WIFO Research Seminar, Österreichisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, Wien, 21.09.2022 12:30
Comment: Thomas Url – You will receive the participation link after your registration via e-mail to veranstaltungen@wifo.ac.at.
Veranstalter: Österreichisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung
Online seit: 06.09.2022 0:00
Structural change contributed to the past slowdown of US productivity growth by reallocating production to stagnant services sectors with low productivity growth. We ask what the future effect of structural change on productivity growth will be. To provide an answer, we study structural change among goods and different services. We find that there are substitutes for stagnant services, which prevents them from taking over the economy in the long run. Our calibrated model implies that in the future structural change will reduce aggregate productivity growth in the USA only by about half as much as in the past.
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